The German rolled to a stop after qualifying, forcing him and a Red Bull representative into a meeting with stewards. They ruled that Vettel had an insufficient amount of fuel to be tested in his car.
Vettel leads the drivers' championship by 13 points from Ferrari driver Fernando Alonso in second place with three races remaining. Vettel qualified third on the grid and Alonso seventh.
Vettel, who crashed out last year in Abu Dhabi, has won the past four races.